The Case For and Against Homework - Educational Leadership, Homework effectiveness students
Homework effectiveness students
· Research suggests that while homework can be an effective learning tool, assigning too much can lower student performance and interfere with other ...
Several studies have actually found a negative relationship between students’ achievement (or their academic performance as judged by teachers) and how much time they spend on homework (or how much help they receive from their parents). But researchers who report this counterintuitive finding generally take pains to explain that it “must not be interpreted as a causal pattern.” What’s really going on here, we’re assured, is just that kids with academic difficulties are taking more time with their homework in order to catch up.
The key to homework success is to eliminate all the obstacles—and excuses—that get in the way of students getting it done.
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Survey data and anecdotal evidence show that some students spend hours nightly doing homework. Homework overload is the exception rather than the norm; however, according to research from the Brookings Institution and the Rand Corporation (see the Brown Center 2003 below). Their researchers analyzed data from a variety of sources and concluded that the majority of . students spend less than an hour a day on homework, regardless of grade level, and this has held true for most of the past 50 years. In the last 20 years, homework has increased only in the lower grade levels, and this increase is associated with neutral (and sometimes negative) effects on student achievement.
Some studies have shown that older students gain more academic benefits from homework than do younger students, perhaps because younger students have less-effective study habits and are more easily distracted (Cooper 1989; Hoover-Dempsey et al. 2001; Leone and Richards 1989; Muhlenbruck et al. 2000).
The basic objectives of assigning homework to students are the same as schooling in general: to increase the knowledge and improve the abilities and skills of the students,  to prepare them for upcoming (or complex or difficult) lessons, to extend what they know by having them apply it to new situations, or to integrate their abilities by applying different skills to a single task. Homework also provides an opportunity for parents to participate in their children's education. Homework is designed to reinforce what students have already learned. 
A critical idea here is that the student must have demonstrated competence in the skill being practiced before being asked to do it independently (., as homework). Research indicates students should be able to perform a skill at 90% accuracy before it should be assigned as homework for independent practice.
Many Kirkwood High students juggle after-school jobs and extracurricular activities on top of homework from dense course schedules, said Kirkwood High Principal Michael Havener. Meanwhile, teachers’ work rarely ends when school dismisses for the day; teachers are known for spending nights and weekends grading papers and planning lessons.
Homework can boost learning, but doing too much can be detrimental. The National PTA and National Education Association support the “10-minute homework rule,” which recommends 10 minutes of homework per grade level, per night (10 minutes for first grade, 20 minutes for second grade, and so on, up to two hours for 12th grade) (Cooper, 2010). A recent study found that when middle school students were assigned more than 90–100 minutes of homework per day, their math and science scores began to decline (Fernández-Alonso, Suárez-Álvarez, & Muñiz, 2015). Giving students too much homework can lead to fatigue, stress, and a loss of interest in academics—something that we all want to avoid.
The researchers used survey data to examine perceptions about homework, student well-being and behavioral engagement in a sample of 4,317 students from 10 high-performing high schools in upper-middle-class California communities. Along with the survey data, Pope and her colleagues used open-ended answers to explore the students’ views on homework.
More than that and there can be negative effects, studies suggest. Overburdened by homework, children may become disillusioned with school and lose motivation. And excessive homework can interfere with time otherwise spent connecting as a family by playing games, taking walks, or just talking about the day. This was a complaint LeTendre heard frequently as he conducted studies of homework amount and frequency.
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Homework: An unnecessary evil? … Surprising findings from.
Research Trends: Why Homework Should Be Balanced - Edutopia
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homework effectiveness students
homework effectiveness students