510 Words Essay on Indian constitution: a unique document, Indian constitution essay in english

Indian constitution essay in english

A Constitution is a set of rules and regulations guiding the administration of a country. The recommendations of the Motilal Nehru Committee and the decisions taken by the meeting of National Congress at Karachi prepared for the formation of a Constituent Assembly.

In 1938, Jawaharlal Nehru formulated the demand for a Constituent Assembly stating that, “…the National Congress stands for independence and democratic state. It has proposed that the Constitution of free India must be framed, without any outside interference, by a Constituent Assembly elected on the basis of adult franchise.”

It also indicates the method of governance of the people. In some cases, the Constitution is given to the people by some superior authority and the people are expected to obey and accept that. They are not consulted at any stage in its framing. This happens in dictatorships and absolute monarchies. In several cases the Constitution gradually evolves.

Constitution is the autobiography of power relationship. The organizational character of an institution is ascertained from its constitution. The constitution is a legal document which provides the administrative system and the nature of a state. The constitution may not be codified in writing. The British constitution, for example, is not a written one. So it is not codified. Constitution evolves and develops in consistence with the social, economic and political ideas and environment of the land and time. That is why it is said that constitutions grow and are not made.

India is a federal system in which residual powers of legislation remain with the central government, similar to that in Canada. The constitution provides detailed lists dividing up powers between central and state governments as in Australia, and it elaborates a set of Directive Principles of State Policy as does the Irish constitution.

One of repeated criticism of the Indian constitution is that it is very little original and mostly borrowed from other constitutions. Even Dr. Ambedkar admitted in the Constituent Assembly that many elements were borrowed from foreign constitutions but they were not “slavish imitations” but adoption of time-tested constitutional principles like the “Rule of Law” or “Equality before Law” to serve the interests of the people.

The Assembly met for 166 days spread over a period of 2 years, 11 months and 18 Days. The Constitution was adopted on 26 November, 1949. It came into force on 26 January, 1950. It had incorporated some of the salient features of the British, Irish, Swiss, French, Canadian and the American Constitutions.

The Constitution of India has some distinct and unique features as compared to other constitutions to the world. As Dr. B. R. Ambedkar, the Chairman of the Drafting Committee puts it, the framers had tried to accumulate and accommodate the best features of other constitutions, keeping in view the peculiar problems and needs of our country. The following are the salient features of the Constitution of India. 1. Longest written constitution Indian Constitution can be called the largest written constitution in the world because of its contents.

The Fundamental Duties are defined as the moral obligations of all citizens to help promote a spirit of patriotism and to uphold the unity of India. These duties, set out in Part IV–A of the Constitution, concern individuals and the nation. Like the Directive Principles, they are not enforceable by the law.

The Constitution of India prescribes a clear division of power between the Union and States by defining the legislative relations, administrative relations and financial relations.

Constitution Day or Samvidhan Divas in India is an officially celebrating event which is celebrated every year on 26 th of November to honor and remember the father of Constitution, Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar. People in India remember their history and celebrate independence and peace every year after launching the own constitution of India.

It was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 26 November 1949, and came into effect on 26 January 1950. [4] With its adoption, the Union of India became the modern and contemporary Republic of India replacing the Government of India Act, 1935 as the country's fundamental governing document. To ensure constitutional autochthony , the framers of the constitution repealed the prior Acts of the British Parliament via Article 395 of the constitution. [5] India celebrates its coming into force on 26 January each year, as Republic Day . [6]

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Indian constitution essay in english

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Short Essay on the Constitution of India

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indian constitution essay in english
indian constitution essay in english

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