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# Problem solving methods psychology

In this information age the proper use and knowledge of problem solving is required by all employees at all levels and in all industries. No longer are instructions and problem solving information given from the top of the organization. Problems are resolved not in the boardroom but instead on the shop-floor or at the location where they are identified. Organizations that do not promote or encourage problem solving skills rely on the skills and knowledge of a few people and as such are unable to make the progress that they are capable of making.

Clarify the problem . It is easier to solve a specific problem than a vague one. So clarify the problem before you start looking for a solution. If your problem is that your spouse tells you that you are not supportive enough, find out what he or she means by supportive. If your problem is that your mother can't get the new VCR to work, determine what doesn't happen that she wants to happen. If your problem is a math homework question, read carefully the question (usually at the end):Is the answer supposed to be in metres or centimetres, rounded or not, square or not, etc.

When describing the Osborne-Parnes process of Creative Problem Solving, one can think of no less than four models. Here, three are discussed.

The Tools, Techniques and Methods you will learn through the Course are often used by Professionals such as Consultants and Analysts - who are welcome to the Course to develop their skills further. However, the step-by-step approach adopted here makes the Course accessible to all and easy to use by each and everyone.

Here is a five-stage model that most students can easily memorize and put into action and which has direct applications to many areas of the curriculum as well as everyday life:

This article, written for primary teachers, discusses what we mean by 'problem-solving skills' and draws attention to NRICH tasks which can help develop specific skills.

Diagnose the situation so that your focus is on the problem, not just its symptoms. Helpful techniques at this stage include using flowcharts to identify the expected steps of a process and cause-and-effect diagrams to define and analyze root causes.

· Learn how to use more than 25 different problem solving techniques to solve simple and complex problems.

Problem solving is used when products or processes fail, so corrective action can be taken to prevent further failures . It can also be applied to a product or process prior to an actual fail event, ., when a potential problem can be predicted and analyzed, and mitigation applied so the problem never actually occurs. Techniques such as Failure Mode Effects Analysis can be used to proactively reduce the likelihood of problems occurring.

A fundamental part of every manager's role is finding ways to solve them. So, being a confident problem solver is really important to your success. Much of that confidence comes from having a good process to use when approaching a problem. With one, you can solve problems quickly and effectively. Without one, your solutions may be ineffective, or you'll get stuck and do nothing, with sometimes painful consequences.

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It is very clear now that we must find out the root causes of the problems before we think about rectifying them in lean manufacturing environments. So, how should we do this? What are the tools available to perform these tasks? Let’s look at what problem solving is about. We’ll begin by asking the question: “What is a problem?” A good definition of a problem is a variation from a recognized standard. In other words, you need to know how things should be before you can recognize a possible cause for them not being that way. After a problem has been recognized, a formal problem-solving process should be applied.

Consumer products require failure testing to expose weaknesses before sending products to the market. Failure testing is a proactive quality control problem solving method. Producers try every possible test to find a weakness in their product. For manufactured goods, products undergo repeated pressure tests, drops, spills and a variety of other everyday possibilities until the product breaks. Failure testing shows the strengths and weaknesses of the product which may reflect design, raw material or manufacturing quality problems.

Problem solving methods are the steps we use to find solutions to problems and issues. Humans are naturally quite good at problem solving, and we often use sophisticated methods that we don't even know we're using to try to get to the answer. Learning about the methods will enable you to recognize the approaches you already use and identify other approaches that could be useful for you. Then, you will have several tools to help you strategize solutions to difficult problems.

Patrick Hillis & Gerard Puccio (who focus on CREATIVE THINKING ) describe the combining of divergent generation and convergent evaluation in a strategy of Creative Problem Solving that "contains many tools which can be used interchangeably within any of the stages.  These tools are selected according to the needs of the task and are either divergent (., used to generate options) or convergent (., used to evaluate options)." { source }

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Problem-Solving Skills From MindTools.com

The Seven most Common Problem Solving Methods

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