Miranda v. Arizona - Wikipedia, Miranda vs arizona case essay
Miranda vs arizona case essay
In 1963, Ernesto Miranda was arrested for the kidnapping and rape of an 18-year-old woman. Although Miranda confessed under police interrogation, he was never informed of his right to an attorney or to remain silent. Miranda was eventually convicted but appealed to the Supreme Court in 1966, claiming his confession was unconstitutional.
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Ernesto Arturo Miranda was a Mexican-American citizen born in Mesa, Arizona , on March 9, 1941. Miranda began getting in trouble when he was in grade school. Shortly after his mother died, his father remarried. Miranda and his father didn't get along very well; he kept his distance from his brothers and stepmother as well. Miranda's first criminal conviction was during his eighth grade year. The following year, he was convicted of burglary and sentenced to a year in reform school.
The case of Ernesto Miranda and three other similar cases were heard before the Supreme Court. All four defendants did not have attorneys present when they were questioned.  The decision was announced on 13 June 1966 by Chief Justice Earl Warren . Because of the important changes it made, he read the entire sixty pages.  Four justices disagreed with the ruling. Their argument was that all the defendants confessed. Their opinion was that allowing lawyers in interrogations would prevent most suspects from confessing. 
A case in which the Court held that law enforcement cannot use testimony given by anyone under interrogation while in custody without that ... "Miranda v. Arizona."
Miranda was found guilty in an Arizona court based largely on the written confession. He was sentenced to 20 to 30 years for both crimes to be served concurrently. However, his attorney felt that his confession should not be admissible due to the fact that he was not warned of his right to have an attorney represent him or that his statement could be used against him.
The Supreme Court ruled 5-4 in favor of Miranda. This decision gave rise to what has become known as the Miranda Warning. While jurisdictions have their own regulations as to the precise warning given to a person interrogated in police custody, the typical warning states:
…to a court-appointed attorney, and Miranda v. Arizona (1966), in which the court specified a code of conduct for police interrogations of criminal suspects held in custody. After the Supreme Court’s ruling in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka in 1954, the national government acted to bar legal discrimination…
The Court further held that “without proper safeguards the process of in-custody interrogation of persons suspected or accused of crime contains inherently compelling pressures which work to undermine the individual’s will to resist and to compel him to speak where he would otherwise do so freely.” Therefore, a defendant “must be warned prior to any questioning that he has the right to remain silent, that anything he says can be used against him in a court of law, that he has the right to the presence of an attorney, and that if he cannot afford an attorney one will be appointed for him prior to any questioning if he so desires.”
Miranda’s defense attorney appealed the case to the . Supreme Court and, in 1966, this court ruled in a 5–4 decision to overturn the original conviction because Miranda’s constitutional rights (5th and 6th amendments) had been violated during his arrest and detainment (Miranda v. Arizona, 384 . 436, 1966).
Significance : This case brought about the use of Miranda rights, which are read to all accused when they are arrested. They state that, “You have the right to remain silent, anything you say can and will be used against you in a court of law, you have the right to an attorney, if you cannot afford one, one will be provided to you by the state.”
The Miranda warning (often shortened to "Miranda", or "Mirandizing" a suspect) is the name of the formal warning that is required to be given by police in the United States to criminal suspects in police custody (or in a custodial situation) before they are interrogated, in accordance with the Miranda ruling. Its purpose is to ensure the accused are aware of, and reminded of, these rights before questioning or actions that are reasonably likely to elicit an incriminating response.
Dissenting justices argued that the new protections would seriously weaken law enforcement and that the Fifth Amendment did not forbid law officers from interrogating a suspect held in custody.
(a) The atmosphere and environment of incommunicado interrogation as it exists today is inherently intimidating, and works to undermine the privilege against self-incrimination. Unless adequate preventive measures are taken to dispel the compulsion inherent in custodial surroundings, no statement obtained from the defendant can truly be the product of his free choice. Pp. 445-458.
In the landmark supreme court case Miranda v. Arizona (1966), the Court held that if police do not inform people they arrest about certain constitutional rights, including their Fifth Amendment right against self-incrimination, then their confessions may not be used as evidence at trial. The Court referenced Mapp v. Ohio (1961) as the basis for excluding the confessions. The ruling was also based on the assertions that the Fifth Amendment privilege is “fundamental to our system of constitutional rule” and that to inform the accused of their rights is “expedient [and] simple.”
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Facts and Case Summary - Miranda v. Arizona | United.
Miranda v. Arizona: Oral Arguments & Transcript - oyez.org
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miranda vs arizona case essay
miranda vs arizona case essay