Gender inequality - Wikipedia, Gender inequality in pakistan essay
Gender inequality in pakistan essay
One bright spot in terms of women’s equality is in the results found for women who work in unionized environments. Women make 82% of men’s incomes in such environments – even when comparing full time, full year employment. When assessing the impact of unionization, the study reveals that non-unionized environments create a wider gender gap – women make only 72% of men’s incomes in such environments.
This legacy of women’s second class citizenship has not been overcome and continues to define women’s life chances in the 21st century.
The GII sheds new light on the position of women in 159 countries; it yields insights in gender gaps in major areas of human development. The component indicators highlight areas in need of critical policy intervention and it stimulates proactive thinking and public policy to overcome systematic disadvantages of women.
Women’s participation in the . labor force climbed during the 1970s and 1980s, reaching 60 percent in 2000. However, in 2010 this figure has declined to percent and is not expected to increase by 2018 (DOL 2011).
Married at age 12 to an older man, a girl was eloquent about her opposition to child marriage. She also introduced me to her father, now proud of her success.
For more than 30 years, UNFPA has advocated for women and girls, promoting legal and policy reforms and gender-sensitive data collection, and supporting initiatives that improve women's health and expand their choices in life.
· Women have made great strides in the workplace, but inequality persists. The issue of equal pay is still a hot-button topic. The US Census Bureau reports ...
“The gender wage gap is an indicator of women’s earnings compared with men’s. It is figured by dividing the average annual earnings for women by the average annual earnings for men.” (Higgins et al., 2014) Scholars disagree about how much of the male-female wage gap depends on factors such as experience, education, occupation, and other job-relevant characteristics. Sociologist Douglas Massey found that 41% remains unexplained,  while CONSAD analysts found that these factors explain between and percent of the raw wage gap.  CONSAD also noted that other factors such as benefits and overtime explain "additional portions of the raw gender wage gap".
Among other demands should be added equal pay and positive action in public life, quotas even. What this agenda costs in the short term will be more than matched by what is unleashed in talent and capabilities, improved tax revenues and reduced benefits. Ideally, a flourishing society allows everyone, male and female, to fulfil their potential. Instead, gender, class and ethnicity all carry heavy and unnecessary penalties. That is socially unjust, economically unsound, globally uncompetitive and politically naive. Not even the men in charge can affordthis to continue.
Research from Lawrence University has found that men were more likely to be hired in traditionally masculine jobs, such as sales management, and women were more likely to be hired in traditionally feminine jobs, such as receptionist or secretary. However, individuals of either gender with masculine personality traits were advantaged when applying for either masculine or feminine jobs, indicating a possibly valuing of stereotypically male traits above stereotypically female traits. 
“With current gender gaps, achieving the sustainable development goals or implementing the Agenda for Africa 2063 will remain an aspiration, not a reality,” said UNDP’s director of the regional bureau for Africa, Abdoulaye Mar Dieye.
Therefore it is important to engage more men in standing for gender equality for this is the way to bring about change. To do that it is also necessary to make men understand how gender equality is relevant for them.
The Act, which gives effect to Australia’s international human rights obligations under the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women , has played an important role in changing community attitudes and helping advance gender equality in this country.
Gender inequalities, including gender-based and intimate partner violence, exacerbate women and girls’ physiological vulnerability to HIV and block their access to HIV services. 3
HIV is not only driven by gender inequality, but it also entrenches gender inequality, leaving women more vulnerable to its impact. 4
Women’s rights remains a vital issue throughout the world, especially in countries in the Middle East and North Africa. There are many cases of gender inequality that we face in our everyday lives, though, no matter where we live, and we may not even realize it.
According to the ., 40 percent of young women in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa are married by age 18. Child marriage not only increases the chance of complications of giving birth that often prove fatal, but also contravenes the fundamental human right of choice of partnership. In Pakistan, women are expected to accept arranged marriages and refusal can lead to “honor killings” that typically go uncontested by the government.
Sources: Discovery, Says, Advocates for Youth, Girls Not Brides
Photo: NBC News
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Gender Inequality and Women in the Workplace | Harvard.
Gender Inequality Index (GII) | Human Development Reports
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gender inequality in pakistan essay
gender inequality in pakistan essay