Systematic review - Wikipedia, Systematic literature review quality management

Systematic literature review quality management

Need some help to get started with your systematic or evidence-based literature review? Take a look at our simple infographic to help you get started!

As is the case for any good research, the methods for a systematic review are made explicit in a 'protocol' before it starts. This helps to reduce bias in the review process, for example by ensuring that reviewers' procedures are not overly influenced by the results of studies they find. If changes are needed to the protocol as the review progresses these needed to be noted in the review's final report and the rationale for making changes made clear.
In systematic reviews where the nature of the review question requires a review methodology which is more iterative, the method of review will not be fully specified a priori but will be detailed in the final report.

Some reviews may group and analyze studies by variables such as age and gender; factors that were not allocated to participants.

A systematic review answers a defined research question by collecting and summarising all empirical evidence that fits pre-specified eligibility criteria.

Relevant data from individual studies selected for inclusion are extracted or copied from the publication to a database to facilitate critical evaluation of the results, including data summary and display using separate data collection forms for human, animal, and in vitro studies. For each study, one member of the evaluation team performs the data extraction, and quality assurance procedures are undertaken as specified in the protocol (., review and confirmation by another team member). Following completion of an evaluation, the data extracted and summarized will be made publicly available in the NTP Chemical Effects in Biological Systems (CEBS) database ( NTP 2014a ).

Systematic reviews often, but not always, use statistical techniques ( meta-analysis ) to combine results of eligible studies, or at least use scoring of the levels of evidence depending on the methodology used. An additional rater may be consulted to resolve any scoring differences between raters. [6] Systematic review is often applied in the biomedical or healthcare context, but it can be applied in any field of research. Groups like the Campbell Collaboration are promoting the use of systematic reviews in policy-making beyond just healthcare.

Cochrane Reviews are prepared by review author teams, working with CRGs, which are led by one or more Co-ordinating Editors. The Co-ordinating Editors are members of an Editorial Board . Dr David Tovey is the Editor in Chief . Each CRG takes responsibility for a specific area of health care or policy; see the list of CRGs .

2 Writing a Systematic Literature Review: Resources for Students and Trainees Some key resources are highlighted in the next few pages – researchers around the ...

Examples of past trainee topics include:

  • The relationship between attachment and eating disorders: A systematic review
  • Psychological effects of paediatric burn injury on parents: A systematic review
  • A systematic review of the efficacy and effectiveness of mindfulness - based cognitive therapy (MBCT)


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To find out more about how these methods have developed, see our page on the History of systematic reviews . For detailed information about each stage of a systematic review, please see our page Methods for a systematic review .

Systematic literature review quality management

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Writing a Systematic Literature Review: Resources for.

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systematic literature review quality management
systematic literature review quality management

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