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International Breastfeeding Journal | Home page, Breastfeeding research paper introduction

Breastfeeding research paper introduction

Although there is a body of research on breastfeeding and some national monitoring is in place to track trends, significant knowledge gaps are evident. 1,2-5 For example, more research is needed on the barriers to breastfeeding among populations with low rates of breastfeeding. Economic research is also needed on how breastfeeding affects mothers and employers, as is research on best practices for management and support of lactation and breastfeeding. Building capacity for research on breastfeeding should be a priority. Although national surveillance on breastfeeding has improved considerably in the last decade, surveillance at state and local levels is limited.

Not all of breast milk's properties are understood, but its nutrient content is relatively consistent. Breast milk is made from nutrients in the mother's bloodstream and bodily stores. Breast milk has an optimal balance of fat , sugar , water , and protein that is needed for a baby's growth and development. [23] Breastfeeding triggers biochemical reactions which allows for the enzymes , hormones , growth factors and immunologic substances to effectively defend against infectious diseases for the infant . The breastmilk also has long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids which help with normal retinal and neural development. [24]

Latest research on breastfeeding including benefits of breastfeeding, disease transmission through breast milk, environmental contaminants found …

Joan B Wolf, professor of gender studies at Texas A&M University, contends that breastfeeding has been oversold because of three factors. First, we have a cultural obsession with eliminating risk, she says. Second, much of the research into breastfeeding is methodologically flawed. Third, we're in thrall to "an ideology of total motherhood that stipulates that a mother can and should eliminate any risk to her children, regardless of how small or likely the risk or what the cost is to her own wellbeing in the process".

Breast milk promotes sensory and cognitive development, and protects the infant against infectious and chronic diseases. Exclusive breastfeeding reduces infant mortality due to common childhood illnesses such as diarrhoea or pneumonia, and helps for a quicker recovery during illness. These effects can be measured in resource-poor and affluent societies (Kramer M et al Promotion of Breastfeeding Intervention Trial (PROBIT): A randomized trial in the Republic of Belarus. Journal of the American Medical Association, 2001, 285(4): 413-420)

Women who don't have health problems should try to give their babies breast milk for at least the first six months of life. Most women with health problems can breastfeed. There are rare exceptions when women are advised not to breastfeed because they have certain illnesses. Some medicines, illegal drugs, and alcohol can also pass through the breast milk and cause harm to your baby. Check with your health care provider if you have concerns about whether you should breastfeed.

Riding home on the train from Washington DC Thursday night, I was utterly physically exhausted as my mind tumbled over everything I had heard during the past two days.  I was returning from the Third Annual Summit on Breastfeeding.  For those of you who aren’t familiar with this Summit, I am going to unapologetically copy from the announcement of this Summit, as they said it better than I can!

Director's Message:  All of Us Research Program Seeks Input on Research Priorities; Ideas Due Feb. 23.  Read more.

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Breast feeding and obesity: cross sectional study
Researchers collected data on over 9,000 children who were entering school (5 and 6 years old). Of the children who were formula fed as infants, percent were overweight. Only percent of the breastfed children were overweight. The study concluded that in industrialized countries prolonged breastfeeding can decrease incidences of childhood obesity. Because obese children often become obese adults, breastfeeding could ultimately decrease incidences of diabetes, cardiovascular disease and other diseases related to obesity.

Women should have the right to breastfeed in public whenever they feel it is necessary. Breastfeeding is a healthy act for both mother and child for their well being. However the way in which a nursing mother conducts herself in public can alter the act of breastfeeding from a natural necessity to being viewed as a controversial obscenity.

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Donations to Unicef UK do not fund the Baby Friendly Initiative. The expenses of the Baby Friendly Initiative are covered by the costs of training and assessment. Unicef and the Baby Friendly Initiative make no profits from these costs.

UNICEF is working to support national governments in making the world a friendlier place for all mothers who wish to breastfeed.

Impact on child survival and global situation

In the last two decades, child mortality has decreased considerably, but close to 7 million children under five years of age still die each year, mainly from preventable causes.  Of those, newborn deaths now represent nearly half of all child deaths under five years.  Immediate breastfeeding – putting the baby to the mother’s breast within an hour after birth – would significantly reduce neonatal mortality.

Studies have shown that breastfed infants have fewer illnesses such as ear infections and diarrhea as well as a reduced risk of certain cancers, obesity and asthma. Moms benefit, too, from more rapid loss of pregnancy-associated weight gain, reduced risks of certain cancers and improved cardiovascular health. Based on that evidence, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommends exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months of life.

Pacifier use is best avoided during the initiation of breastfeeding and used only after breastfeeding is well established. 166 – 168


Breastfeeding research paper introduction

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Research on Breastfeeding & Breast Milk at the NICHD.

Breastfeeding Research Links - Baby Friendly Initiative

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breastfeeding research paper introduction
breastfeeding research paper introduction

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