Nuclear arms race - Wikipedia, Nuclear arms race cold war essay
Nuclear arms race cold war essay
The International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN) is a coalition of non-governmental organizations in one hundred countries promoting adherence to and implementation of the United Nations nuclear weapon ban treaty. This landmark global agreement was adopted in New York on 7 July 2017.
Another possible factor explaining the nuclear build-up lies within the nature of the political and social systems involved. The fears and uncertainties of a nation can be exploited. Governments, it has been suggested, used the arms race to fuel fears of a foreign threat to enhance patriotism, national unity and their own authority. The arms race could be seen as a cynical exercise in social control. Both Soviet and American observers often accused their Cold War opponents of such squalid motives. But it remains a conspiracy theory based on intuition rather than fact, and should be treated with considerable caution.
USA produced a bomber – the B52 – that could fly 6,000 miles and deliver a nuclear pay-load. Such a development required massive financial backing from the government – something which America could afford to do and which Russia could not. Russia concentrated on producing bigger bombs – a far more cost effective procedure.
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Online version of: Nissani, M. (1992). Lives in the Balance: the Cold War and American Politics , 1945-1991 .
The first competitive buildup in which contemporaries used the arms race metaphor seems to have been the naval rivalry in the late nineteenth century, in which France and Russia challenged Britain in the context of acute tensions over colonial expansion. The British responded with a determination to remain masters of the seas. The ultimate result was not war, but rather an Anglo-French political settlement in 1904 and an Anglo-Russian rapprochement in 1907 against the background of a rising German threat.
The nuclear arms race began in earnest immediately after the United States successfully exploded two atomic bombs over Japan in 1945. It is commonly held that the nuclear arms race came to an end in conjunction with the fall of communism in 1991. The 1950s and 1960s were particularly tense, and in many ways best characterize the dynamics of the nuclear arms race.
The Soviet Union was not informed officially of the Manhattan Project until Stalin was briefed at the Potsdam Conference on July 24, 1945, by . President Harry S. Truman ,   eight days after the first successful test of a nuclear weapon . Despite their wartime military alliance, the United States and Britain had not trusted the Soviets enough to keep knowledge of the Manhattan Project safe from German spies: there were also concerns that, as an ally, the Soviet Union would request and expect to receive technical details of the new weapon. [ citation needed ]
Beatrice Fihn, executive director of International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN) said: "Putin's statement makes it clear we are in a new arms race that will put us under the terror of a new Cold War, in constant fear of death at any instant.
As the United States perceived their main enemy to be the Soviet Union , they needed missiles that could travel long distances. Therefore, after the war, the United States concentrated on developing intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs). The breakthrough came in 1952 when the United States exploded their first hydrogen bomb. H-bombs provided large explosions with smaller, lighter warheads. Weight had always been a problem and these new lighter missiles were much more accurate. By 1957 the United States had developed the Atlas missile that could travel 6,000 miles and land within a mile of its target.
The Soviet Union was not informed officially of the Manhattan Project until Stalin was briefed at the Potsdam Conference on July 24, 1945, by . President Harry S. Truman ,   eight days after the first successful test of a nuclear weapon. Despite their wartime military alliance, the United States and Britain had not trusted the Soviets enough to keep knowledge of the Manhattan Project safe from German spies: there were also concerns that, as an ally, the Soviet Union would request and expect to receive technical details of the new weapon.
In the last decade of his life, Einstein dedicated himself to the cause of nuclear disarmament. "The war is won," he said in December 1945, "but the peace is not." The development of the atomic bomb and the subsequent arms race between the United States and the Soviet Union ushered in a new conflict: the Cold War. Einstein feared this battle would end with the destruction of civilization.
May, E. R. (.). John F Kennedy and the Cuban Missile Crisis. BBC History. Retrieved November 22, 2012,from http:///history/worldwars/coldwar/kennedy_cuban_missile_
Did not include China, but the other major world powers agreed to stop testing nuclear bombs anywhere but underground, partially because of the risk of nuclear fallout, and partially to slow the arms race and move towards détente
"For instance in the United States, the current plan is to replace all three legs of what is called the nuclear triad with entirely new weapons: a new land-based missile, a new long range nuclear bomber and new nuclear submarines. It's estimated to be something on the order of a trillion dollars over 30 years. Russia is undergoing the same sort of rebuild too.
The term is also used to describe any long-term escalating competitive situation where each competitor focuses on out-doing the others.
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Western analysts doubt there is anything revolutionary in the Russian arsenal. Anyway, Western intelligence agencies are keeping a close eye on Russia's weapons development.
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Arms Race - Cold War - HISTORY.com
The Cold War - Nuclear arms race
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nuclear arms race cold war essay
nuclear arms race cold war essay