Purdue OWL: MLA Formatting and Style Guide, Citing internet source in research paper

Citing internet source in research paper

By working with XML code you can also create your own custom styles. For details, see Create Custom Bibliography Styles .

The citation for an electronic source includes citation for any print counterpart of the source, followed by information about the electronic resource.  It is crucial that this information be included, because the electronic resource may be an updated version of the print counterpart.  The date the electronic resource was accessed is important because the resource may be changed before someone looking at your sources checks it.  

Barkin, Carol, Elizabeth James. The New Complete Babysitters' Handbook .
      New York: Clarion, 1995.

Authors using and citing sources on the World Wide Web (. Internet) should observe the following two guidelines:

  1. Direct readers as closely as possible to the specific information being cited. So, whenever possible, reference the specific document to which you refer, rather than home or menu pages.

  2. Provide addresses (. hyperlinks) that work. Make sure you test them periodically.

An Internet source may be cited directly when it does not exist in a traditional printed format or when a traditional printed source, such as a letter or unpublished dissertation, exists but cannot be found or is so obscure that it is practically unavailable. All efforts should be made to cite to the most stable electronic location available. The Internet citation should include information designed to facilitate the clearest path of access to the cited reference, including the title, pagination, and publication date as they appear on the webpage. The Internet URL should be separated by a comma and appended to the end of the citation (that is, not preceded by “available at” or “at”).

Citing Web and Internet ... people have been citing resources that they find on the Web or through the Internet. The styles used for citing electronic works ...

Chicago/Turabian guide Book Chapter Dictionary Online database Encyclopedia Journal Magazine Newspaper Website

Please see the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association for further info.  The library has one copy of the Manual in the Ready Reference section on the second floor of the library, and one held on 24 hour reserve.

The Bluebook: A Uniform System of Citation is generally the default legal citation manual.  It is compiled by the editors of the Columbia Law Review , the Harvard Law Review , the University of Pennsylvania Law Review , and The Yale Law Journal and began in 1926 .  It is now in its 20th edition.

Note: In April of 2009, the Modern Language Association released a seventh edition of the MLA Handbook , in which they made a few important changes to MLA documentation style. The most significant change are as follow:

Are you looking for more information on how to cite different sources in APA, MLA or Chicago style? Create your bibliography using the information provided in our citation guides.
Click here to learn more

Citation:       Ontoast, N. (1996). Communication games for the public school Pig Latin classroom. E-Journal of PL Studies [On-line serial], 16 . Available E-mail: hammw@ Message: get EJPLS

Most educators these days will absolutely check the Web sites that you choose to include, and if these sites do not meet the minimum requirements of credibility, you might lose crucial points on an assignment (or even have to do it over again). Trustworthy sources that stand up to healthy criticism are essential.

In the last few years, people have been citing resources that they find on the Web or through the Internet. The styles used for citing electronic works sometimes differ from those of citations for printed works, which have a long tradition of specific formats. Citations for works in print or on the Web have a number of common elements. These include the author's name, the work's title, and the date on which the cited work was published or revised.

This page explains how to place and format both parts of the citation. Each article should use one citation method or style throughout. If an article already has citations, preserve consistency by using that method or seek consensus on the talk page before changing it (the principle is reviewed at § Variation in citation methods ) . While you should try to write citations correctly, what matters most is that you provide enough information to identify the source. Others will improve the formatting if needed. Help:Referencing for beginners provides a brief introduction on how to reference Wikipedia articles.

What seems to flummox our readers is what to do when the content doesn’t fall into an easily defined area. Sometimes the most you can say is that you're looking at information on a page—some kind of article, but not a journal article. To explore this idea, imagine the Internet as a fried egg. The yolk contains easier to categorize content like journal articles and e-books. In that runny, nebulous white you’ll find the harder to define content, like blog posts, lecture notes, or maps. To wit, the egg:

Citing internet source in research paper

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Citing Internet Sources | Center for Teaching and Learning

Citing Web and Internet Resources - Webliminal

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citing internet source in research paper
citing internet source in research paper

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